The terrestrian fauna of the island is characterized by the absence of big vertebrates and harmful species, being introduced most mammals intentionally or accidentally, where birds and reptiles are the most numerous species. As most genuine species of the island we can highlight the Canary Island lizard (Galliota stehlini), the Blue Chaffinch of Gran Canaria (Fingilla teydea polatzeki), the Canary Island wall gecko Boettger (Tarentola boettgeri), the smooth blue or Osorio shrew (Crocidura osorio).
Regarding the marine fauna of the island is very diverse and rich in species, due to its geographical location and varied ecosystem. A peculiarity of the marine settlements of the waters of Gran Canaria is the coexistence of species such as pelagic fish and turtles (among which the caretta caretta or Loggerhead sea turtle specie is highlighted) with ray fishes, skate fishes, angel sharks, swordfishes, major tunas; or coastal species such as diplodus sargus, galanas, pompanos,serranids, groupers, rooster fishes or haddocks. Among mammals which are also found in the waters of Gran Canaria, there are dolphins, porpoises and whales.
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